A study hailing from researchers based from the University of Bristol in the UK and from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland reveal a link between the Streptococcus gordonii – a type of bacteria often found in the mouth – and heart inflammation, particularly when the bacteria manages to enter the bloodstream.
The study notes how much of a risk factor the bacteria is in the overall health and well being of the body.
Plaque, often found building up on the teeth, are known to be one of the most bacteria-infested layers that can be found in the human body, making it one of the more ideal “hosts” for Streptococcus gordonii to be.
The research reveals that, though plaque is typically found on the surface areas of teeth, the Streptococcus gordonii bacteria can gain entry into the bloodstream through bleeding gums, with the body’s immune system unaware of its entry by posing as human proteins.
As revealed in the study, Streptococcus gordonii can easily derive a molecule that can pose as fibrinogen, a known human protein that is known to have blood-clotting factors.
Its effect in the bloodstream can cause the activation of platelets, which are among the factors responsible for clotting, and can lead into the development of clumps in the blood vessels. The clumps, as they build up, would then become protective “barriers” for the bacteria, making them immune from infection treatments such as antibiotics.
Clumps in blood vessels can cause problems like endocarditis, which would cause blockages in the supply of blood to the heart or to the brain.
The research’s findings is ascribed to come as a veritable source of information in the development of newer and more effective treatment options for infective endocarditis conditions.
Given how the Streptococcus gordonii bacteria gets into the body, as revealed and described in the study, emphasis on the value of keeping mouths healthy stands to be a main priority in keeping infective endocarditis cases from being.
Not just focused on keeping teeth clean and healthy, gums will also have to be treated with the same amount of care.
The study has yet to be published in any known and established peer-review journal, but its results stand to bear impact and importance over the understanding and treatment of heart inflammation conditions.
The study’s proponents are still in the process of conducting studies geared in determining how widespread the condition is or has become, but are confident that proper oral hygiene and regular trips to the dentist are things which everyone must attend to regularly.